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Weekend at Bernie’s, response to the refugees, Ralph Milne

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Well done to the thousands who turned up for the Jock Stein 30th Anniversary game at Dunfermline yesterday. Money from the match is already helping refugees through the British Red Cross’s Europe Refugee Crisis Appeal.

The club site this morning reported David Miller of the Red Cross said, “Celtic FC Foundation and their fans’ support will make a real difference to the refugees and communities affected across Europe and in neighbouring countries. Thank you for supporting the appeal.”

We have a great auction coming up this week for hospitality at the Dundee game later this month, all funds going to the Foundation.  Look out for it.

I was sorry to hear of the passing of Ralph Milne yesterday. Ralph was one of the outstanding talents of Scottish football when he won the league with Dundee United in 1983, a day after his 22nd birthday.

His scored the goal which won the league, but the memory of his chance in the European Cup semi-final, a year later away to Roma, still induces regret. 27 years later Roma would admit to bribing the referee for that game, as they progressed to the final with a 3-2 aggregate.  A few years after winning the league the writing was on the wall for Ralph’s career.

I watched him playing a student team on a public park, telling the incredulous English person I was with about Ralph’s European Cup semi-final exploits three years earlier.  He then floated around the English lower leagues before Sir Alex Ferguson signed him for Manchester United.  Fergie remember the Ralph we were all amazed at from the 82-85 era, but by then (1988) Ralph was a a shadow of his former self.  One of the game’s greats became one of its parodies.

Weekend at Bernie’s

Kick back and give yourself 20 minutes to have a read at Weekend at Bernie’s, recently published by the Hostile Monkey blog. In the light of last week’s court appearances it is a fully referenced, line-by-line, assessment of the “same club myth”, detailing six areas instances of the debate:

The Lord Nimmo-Smith Commission Argument
The European Football Club Association Argument
The UEFA website argument
The Advertising Standards Authority argument
The BBC Trust Argument
The SFA Registration Argument

It’s worth bookmarking for future reference.

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  1. South Of Tunis:

     

     

    But I’m still drinking my whisky and asking my boys what do they want for Christmas….

  2. Woo-hoo, 9 days off work and off to (I hope) sunny Portugal on the ole red eye tomorrow. 5 rounds of golf and fear I may hit at least 700 strokes! Am a bovvered?

     

     

    Suppose I should pack now…

  3. Weeminger

     

     

    I recommend you read all of the article at

     

     

    http://www.hostilemonkey.co.uk/weekend-at-bernies/

     

     

    I’ve only read the LNS section and it’s spot on.

     

     

    The ECA looks good but same overall argument applies to that as ACAS not a football authority.

     

     

    I look forward to reading the rest and commend it even if only to point the deluded mythh believers at and watch eyes glaze over.

  4. Summer arrived today very pleasant here compared to 11 % in Austria where theres even been some snow.

  5. And not a word was written by me, but we are the sons and the daughters of these very words and, for me, it would be nice to remember that…

     

     

    Irish Hunger Memorial Text

     

    21 October 2009

     

    Prepared for Ms. Sidney Druckman

     

    Battery Park City Authority

     

    Prepared by Mr. Rocco Piscatello

     

    Piscatello Design Centre

     

    http://www.piscatello.com

     

    The agent came round, saw the improvements, and told me I should not sow any seed, but must quit the premises… I must take my little all, and leave my father’s bones, and seek a home in America.

     

    Asenath Nicholson, Ireland’s Welcome to the Stranger. 1847

     

    …the land in Ireland is infinitely more peopled than in England; and to give full effect to the natural resources of the country, a great part of the population should be swept from the soil.

     

    Thomas Malthus, An Essay of the Principle of Population. 1798

     

    If one could see into the houses, it was rare that he saw any other thing than the bare walls, a rickety wooden stool, a small turf fire burning slowly and dimly between four flat stones.

     

    Alexis de Tocqueville’s Journey in Ireland, July-August, 1835. Emmet Larkin, trans, 1990

     

    Here I found a company of would–be intelligent Irish and English aristocrats who… were professed enemies to the poor Irish, calling them a company of low, vulgar, lazy wretches, who prefer beggary to work, and filth to cleanliness… it is an established law of our nature to hate those we oppress.

     

    Asenath Nicholson, Ireland’s Welcome to the Stranger. 1847

     

    Ar scáth a chéile a mhaireann na daoine. People live in one another’s shelter.

     

    Irish proverb

     

    …many lives have been prolonged, perhaps saved, by the long apprenticeship to want in which the Irish peasant has been trained, and by that lovely, touching charity which prompts him to share his scanty meal with his starving neighbor.

     

    Transactions of the Central Relief Committee of the Society of Friends. 1852

     

    In the part of The Evening Post dedicated to the interests of the Farming World, we have made rather an ample report of a matter of great importance, indeed, namely the failure of the potato crop-very extensively in the United States… But, happily, there is no ground for any apprehensions of the kind in Ireland.

     

    The Dublin Evening Post. 9 September 1845

     

    We stop the Press, with very great regret, to announce that the Potato Murrain has unequivocally declared itself in Ireland.

     

    The Gardeners’ Chronicle. 13 September 1845

     

    Potato Murrain: Phytophthora Infestans

     

    Striding nearer every day, Like a wolf in search of prey, Comes the Famine on his way.

     

    Heremon, “The Famine,” 7 March 1846

     

    …Many of us would have died from want had we not been relieved by a portion of the Calcutta Relief Fund . . .They are compelled to pawn their clothes and fishing tackle to purchase provisions.

     

    Petition of the Claddagh Fishermen to the Lord Lieutenant, Distress Papers, 3018, 1846

     

    I cannot longer deny myself the pleasure of congratulating you on the justness of your views relative to the Botrytis infestans being the cause of the potato disease and not the effect as I had supposed.

     

    David Moore, Curator of the Royal Dublin Society’s Botanic Gardens at Glasnevin to Rev. Miles J. Berkeley, 29 July 1846

     

    Our potato crop is lost without exception I believe throughout Ireland.

     

    David Moore to Rev. Miles J. Berkeley, 24 August 1846

     

    Famine food: copóg (dock), nettles, braiste, caisearbhán (dandelion), samhadh (sorrel), grass, mangels, turnips, leaves of trees, watercress, seaweed, herbs, rabbits, hares, wild fowl.

     

    At present prices [1846] it would require 21 shillings a week to support a laborer and his family; he earns six shillings, seven shillings or eight shillings at the highest. What must be the result?

     

    The Irish Journals of Elizabeth Smith, 1840-1850. 1980

     

    Table of livestock exports during the famine years: 1846: 186,483 oxen, bulls, cows, 6,363 calves, 259,257 sheep, lambs 480,827 swine. 1847: 189,960 oxen, bulls, cows, 9,992 calves, 324,179 sheep, lambs 106,407 swine. 1848: 196,042 oxen, bulls, cows, 7,086 calves, 255,682 sheep,lambs 110,787 swine. 1849: 201,811 oxen, bulls, cows, 9,831calves, 241,061 sheep,lambs, 68,053 swine.

     

    Mary E. Daly, The Famine in Ireland. 1986

     

    Famine is raging in Skibbereen Union [December 1846]. Since November 5, 197 people have died in the poorhouse, the principal cause of death being “the prevalence of a fatal diarrhea, acting on the exhausted constitutions of the persons admitted.” Nearly 100 bodies have been found in the lanes or in derelict cabins, half-eaten by rats. The Guardians want to open soup shops but the Poor Law Commission insists that relief is to be provided only inside the workhouse.

     

    Brendan ÓCathaoir, Famine Diary. 1999

     

    Hunger will break through a stone wall.

     

    Irish proverb

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 2

     

    “Na Prátaí Dubha.” Siad na prátaí dubha do dheir ár gcomharsana a scaipeadh uainn, Do chuir sa phoorhouse iad, is anonn thar fairrgí. In Reilg a’ tSléibhe tá na céadta acu treascartha, Is uaisle na bhflaitheas go ngabha a bpáirt. A Rí na glóire fóir agus freagair sinn. Sgaoil ár nglasa agus réitíg ár gcás, Ar an mbeatha arís, ó do chroí go gcasfar í, San poorhouse go leagair anuas ar lár. (The black potatoes have scattered our neighbors. Some to the poorhouse and some over the seas. Hundreds are thrown in the mountain graveyard. O King of Heaven, take our part. O God of Glory, help us. Answer us. Release our bonds and ease our case. Let your heart shower us with life And destroy the poorhouse that is in our midst.)

     

    Londubh an Chairn, Being the Songs of the Irish Gaels. Maighread ní Annagáin and Séamus Clandillon, eds, 1936

     

    In some cases, it is well-known, when all other members of a family have perished, the last survivor has earthed up the door of his miserable cabin to prevent the ingress of pigs and dogs, and then laid himself down to die in this fearful family vault.

     

    James Hack Tuke, A Visit to Connaught in the Autumn of 1847

     

    Total amount remitted by laboring Irish, male and female, from New York $808,000 . . . proof of the self-sacrifice and self-denial that such a sum . . . could in one year be remitted. . . by the Irish at labor and at service.

     

    Jacob Harvey, New York Daily Tribune, 9 January 1847

     

    Let Ireland’s extremity be America’s opportunity to teach the nations a magnificent lesson in human brotherly love.

     

    Elihu Burritt, A Journal of a Visit of Three Days to Skibbereen and its Neighborhood. 1847

     

    New York General Relief Committee, 10 February 1847, was organized to… contribute their mite towards the alleviation of misery, which we fear no human aid can reach in all its depth and recesses. Contributions received: Jury and Clerk in the case of Griffin vs Mutual Life Insurance $2, Lithographers of New York by N. Currier $50, Inhabitants of Huntington, L.I. $290, Cadets and laborers at West Point $312.43, Citizens of Catskill $334.08, Donation from Fort Gibson in the Cherokee nation $103.30, Theodore Frelinghuysen, Chancellor of the University of the City of New York $5.00, Benevolent Society of Operative Masons, City of New York $400.00, New York Stock Exchange Board $2000.00, Clerks in the employ of A.T. Stewart and Co. $140.00, John J. Astor $500.00, Irish Relief Committee, Nashville, Tennessee $1200.00, Irish Relief Committee, Dubuque, Iowa $589.89, Citizens of the island of Mackinac $200.00, A little boy $0.50, A few young girls $5.00, A poor man $3.00, A lady in Spring Street $10.00, A few poor Christians in Brooklyn $10.00, A friend to social re-organization $100.00, Nobody $4.00, Descendants of the Pilgrims $10.00, Cash for the destitute Irish, “by a lady (in front of my house)” $20.00, Ten dollars for the Irish $10.00, A youth saved out of his pocket money $1.00, A tribute from conscience $4.00, The boys of Ward School 3 in 10th Ward (in cents) $1.54, A little Irish emigrant $0.50, A friendly son of St. Patrick $25.00, An Irishman’s son

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 3

     

    $2.00, Members of the Franklin Street Synagogue $80.00, Collection made at the Synagogue, Crosby Street $175.00, The Amity Street Baptist Church $275.00, Collection in the German Lutheran Church, Walker Street $229.65, Universalist Church, Bleecker St. $38.55, Collection in St. Matthew’s Episcopal Church, Christopher Street, $83.37, Collection in the Protestant Dutch Church, Franklin Street $75.00, St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Church, Williamsburg $230.00, Roman Catholic Church of St. Andrew, Duane Street $276.07, Roman Catholic Church of St. Columba, W. 25th Street $435.88, Transfiguration Roman Catholic Church, Mott Street $534.00, St. Joseph’s Roman Catholic Church, Sixth Avenue $800.00, Roman Catholic Church of St. James, Brooklyn $921.39, St. James Roman Catholic Church, James Street $1,000.00, St. Peter’s Roman Catholic Church, Barclay St. $1,083.82, St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Mott Street $1,350.87, Nativity Roman Catholic Church, Second Avenue $2,060.62, St. Mary’s Roman Catholic Church, Grand Street $2,250.72.

     

    New York Irish Historical Roundtable, New York and the Irish Famine. 1997

     

    Contributors to the Irish Relief Committee, 1847-1848: Mrs. Martin Livingston, John Jay, Alderman Livingston, Mayor Philip Hone, Judge C.P. Daly, Major Denis McMahon, A.T. Stewart, Proceeds from Bishop Hughes collected in the Diocese of New York, Episcopal Churches of New York, A few members of the Rose Street Meeting of the Society of Friends, Society of Friends, New York, American Abolitionists, Children at St. Matthew’s Academy, Walker St. $14.00, Principal and teachers, Danbury Institute, Connecticut $23.00, Mr. Condert’s School $40.00, Mr. Peugnet’s School $35.00, Articles made by young ladies for Miss Charlotte Havens’ fair, 263 Ninth Street $287.00, Captain William Armstrong near Fort Smith, the largest part contributed by the children of the forest, our red brethren of the Choctaw nation $170.00, Horace Greeley, Editor, New York Tribune, William Lloyd Garrison, Editor, Liberator, Men of the New York Daily Globe, Proceeds from a longshoremen’s fair, Police from the 4th Ward, Men of the New York Gaslight Company, Workmen in the Dry Docks, Brooklyn, Individuals in Sing Sing.

     

    Report of the Irish Relief Committee. 1848

     

    From Particulars of the Relief Contributions from the United States: Contributions came to the Central Relief Committee from New, Yorkers: Albany, Brooklyn, Floyd, Ft. Plain, Glen Cove, Goshen, Hicksville, Manlius, Newburgh, New York City, Ogdensburgh, Oneida, Co., Onondaga, Oswego Co., Otsego Co., Rochester, Sag Harbor, Seneca Co., Sherburne, Spring Port, Utica, Watertown, Williamsburg.

     

    Transactions of the Central Relief Committee of the Society of Friends. 1852

     

    …exhort your people to give alms for the relief of the Irish people… the beauty of wealth lies not in the manner of life of the rich but in food given to the poor.

     

    Pope Pius IX, Praedecessores Nostros, Encyclical to Patriarchs, Primates, Archbishops and Bishops, 25 March 1847

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 4

     

    An té a bhíos fial roinneann Dia leis. God shares with the person who is generous.

     

    Irish proverb

     

    The wives and daughters of the gentry are making equal exertions, and ladies of the first rank may be seen daily distributing soup or meal, or cutting out clothes to be made by poor women and sold to the poor at a low rate.

     

    Transactions of the Central Relief Committee of the Society of Friends. 1852

     

    We are struggling to keep on our breakfasts as the only means [the children] have and to clothe the destitute orphan.

     

    Sr. Mary O’Donel, Presentation Convent, Galway, 1847

     

    Ballina, 1847. It was melancholy in the extreme to see the women and girls laboring in mixed gangs on the public roads. They were employed not only in digging with the spade and with the pick, but in carrying loads of earth and turf on their backs, and wheeling barrows like men, and breaking stones: while the poor neglected children were crouched in groups, around the bits of lighted turf in the various sheltered corners along the lines.

     

    William Bennett, “Accounts of his Journey to Ireland,” Transactions of the Central Relief Committee of the Society of Friends. 1852

     

    Ni thuigeann an sách an seang. The well-fed does not understand the lean.

     

    Irish proverb

     

    We ask does her Majesty ever read a newspaper? Does she ever cast her eye over the London Times, where the dying groans of the Irish are ridiculed, and the wail of the starving infant is laughed to scorn?

     

    John B. Knox. ed. Clare Journal. 25 February 1847

     

    The sacred and indefeasible rights of life are forgotten amidst the incessant reclamations of the subordinate rights of property…

     

    Irish Bishops, 1847

     

    “Old Skibbereen” Oh, son! I loved my native land with energy and pride, Till a blight came o’er my crops – my sheep, my cattle died; My rent and taxes were too high, I could not them redeem, And that’s the cruel reason that I left Old Skibbereen.

     

    Traditional Irish song

     

    “Thousands are Sailing” So good luck to those people and safe may they land. They are leaving their country for a far distant strand. They are leaving old Ireland, no longer to stay. And thousands are sailing to Amerikay.

     

    Traditional Irish song

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 5

     

    Fever and dysentery and dropsy have already recommended the work of death and the solemn and sober conviction on my mind is that unless prompt and adequate means are adopted to arrest this terrible calamity not hundreds, not thousands but the great population will be swept, as with the besom of destruction, off the face of this land.

     

    Samuel Stock, Rector of Kilcommon and Chairman of the Erris Relief Committee to Prime Minister John Russell, 28 October 1847

     

    I am desired by Lord John Russell that he has no further funds at his disposal to apply in the manner pointed out in your letter of 28 ultimo…

     

    George Keppell to Rev, Samuel Stock, 2 November 1847

     

    Willful waste makes woeful want.

     

    Irish Proverb, Martha Thompson, Ballinamuck

     

    It dwells in my memory as one long night of sorrow.

     

    Sir William Butler, An Autobiography. 1913

     

    Many were obliged to pledge their clothes in the pawn-office in Loughrea last July, and were not able to go to mass for want of them.

     

    James MacTighe, banker, Kilcreest, Co. Galway, 1835

     

    When a man is hungry, the shame goes off him; many a mischief is done to the gentlemen of the country that they must overlook when they know the poverty of the people…

     

    James Browne, laborer, Ballina, Co. Mayo, 1835

     

    The habit of pilfering potatoes and cabbage, and even plucking wool from the backs of the sheep in the fields, is common, but it is induced by destitution; a constant struggle is proceeding between honesty on one side and hunger and nakedness on the other…

     

    Father Lyons, parish priest, Kilmore Erris, Co. Mayo, 1835

     

    We are enabled to state, on the authority of private letters from respectable parties in New York, that [there is] a plan for enabling destitute Irish to emigrate on an extensive scale from their present wretched habitations to the delightful valley of Mississippi…

     

    The Freeman’s Journal. 8 February, 1847

     

    What Will the Government Do? To whom are the people to look, if not to the government of the country, and therefore, we repeat the question, and will continue to repeat it again and again, till effective relief be administered. What will the Government do?

     

    The Freeman’s Journal. 8 January, 1847 Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 6

     

    There was cleared out of the custom house in this city, for England, within the past week, 1935 barrels of wheat, and 4279 barrels of oats, though thousands are starving in the west of this country.

     

    The Waterford Freeman. 3 October 1846

     

    ‘Tis hard to argue starvation into quiet, to bid hunger to be silent; they are both spirits of riot and clamour and tumult are their mode of warfare.

     

    Editorial, The Waterford Freeman. 7 October 1846

     

    A brooding stillness, too, lay over all nature. Cheerfulness had disappeared, even the groves and hedges were silent, for the very birds had ceased to sing, and the earth seemed as if it mourned for the approaching calamity, as well as for that which had been already felt.

     

    William Carleton, The Black Prophet. 1847

     

    Farms 1-5 acres: 306,915. 5-15 acres: 251,128. 15-30 acres: 78,954. 30+acres: 48,312.

     

    Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Take the Census of Ireland for the Year 1841. 1843

     

    Population of Ireland: 1790: est. 4,040,000. 1800: est. 5 million. 1821: 6,801,827. 1831: 7,767,401. 1841: 8,175,124. 1851: 6,552,385. 1861: 5,798,967. 1871: 5,412,377. 1881: 5,174,836. 1891: 4,704,750. 1901: 4.458,755. 1911: 4,390,219. 1926: 4,228,553. 1936-7: 4,248,165. 1951: 4,331,514. 1961: 4,243,383. 1971: 4,514,313. 1981: 4,975,601. 1991: 5,103,555.

     

    Population of the Island of Ireland 1832-1972. W.E. Vaughan and A.J. Fitzpatrick, eds. Irish Historical Statistics. 1978. Census for 1981, 1991 Local Ireland Almanac and Yearbook of Facts 2000. 1999

     

    The value or condition of a house may be considered to depend mainly on, 1st, its extent, as shown by the number of rooms; 2nd, its quality, as shown by the number of its windows; and 3rd, its solidity or durability, as shown by the material of its walls and roof. Class 4: mud cabin with one room 491,278. Class 3: better built mud cabin with two to four rooms and windows 533,297. Class 2: a good farm house or a house in town with five to nine rooms and windows 264,184. Class 1: a better house than a class 2 40,030. Total houses occupied 1,328,839.

     

    Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Take the Census of Ireland for the Year 1841. 1843

     

    Who supports the poor in Ireland today? It is the poor.

     

    William Kinsella, Bishop of Ossory. Alexis de Tocqueville’s Journey in Ireland. July-August 1835. Emmet Larkin, trans. 1990

     

    The blight came before St. John’s Day. It came like a fog in the evening and appeared low on the water. Next day the potato stalks were black.

     

    Bean Uí Sheoighe, Letterfrack, Co. Galway. Department of Irish Folklore, MS 1069

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 7

     

    The greatest improvement of all which could take place in Ireland would be, to teach the people to depend upon themselves for developing the resources of their country, instead of having recourse to the assistance of the Government on every occasion.

     

    Letter from Assistant Secretary to the Treasury Charles Edward Trevelyan to Sir Randolph Routh. 1846

     

    They are dying as numerous as bees on a harvest day, burying them in their own clothes, without a coffin or any other thing requisite for them to defray their funeral charges.

     

    Belmullet, Co. Mayo. Letter to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 1847

     

    They were making the Board of Works road up here to Sliabh na Seasca. It was a frosty hard black morning in the month of January. Four pence was the daily wage then, and ’tis often they would have to walk twelve or fourteen miles to work. They had no boots.

     

    Pádraig Mhichíl ÓSuilleabháin, Sneem, Co. Kerry. Cathal Póirtéir, Famine Echoes. 1995

     

    …in a country that is called civilized, under the protection of the mightiest monarchy upon the earth, and almost within a day’s communication of the capital of the greatest and richest empire in the world, thousands of our fellow creatures are each day dying of starvation, and the wasted corpses of many left unburied in their miserable hovels, to be devoured by the hungry swine; or to escape this profanation, only to diffuse among the living the malaria of pestilence and death.

     

    Isaac Butt, “The Famine in the Land,” Dublin University Magazine, 1847

     

    I may be told that the famine in Ireland is a mysterious visitation of God’s providence, but I do not admit any such plea… Still the rights of life are dearer and higher than those of property, and, in a general famine like the present, there is no law of heaven, nor of nature, that forbids a starving man to seize on bread wherever he can find it, even though it should be the loaves of propitiation on the altar of God’s temple.

     

    Archbishop John Hughes, A Lecture of the Antecedent Causes of the Irish Famine in 1847, 20 March, 1847

     

    Mr. William Gregory, MP rose to propose the following Clause: And be it further Enacted, That no person who shall be in the occupation, whether under lease or agreement, or as Tenant-at-will, or from year to year, or in any other matter whatsoever, of any land of greater extent than the quarter of a statute acre, shall be deemed and taken to be a destitute poor person under the provision of this Act, or of any former Act of Parliament; nor shall it be lawful for any board of guardians to grant any relief whatever in or out of the workhouse, to any such occupier, his wife, or children.

     

    The Poor Relief Bill: The Gregory Clause. House of Commons. 29 March 1847

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 8

     

    By this carefully prepared clause, the head of a family who happened to hold a single foot of ground over one rood, was put outside the pale of relief, with his whole family. A more complete engine for the slaughter and expatriation of a people was never designed. The previous clause offered facilities for emigrating to those who would give up their land-the quarter-acre-clause compelled them to give it up, or die of hunger.

     

    Canon John O’Rourke, The Gregory Clause, The History of the Great Irish Famine of 1847. 1875

     

    Quaker soup shops dispensed nutritious soup for a penny a quart. The Government followed with the “Soup Kitchen Act” in 1847.

     

    Government Soup: 100 gallons of water, 12 1/2 pounds of beef, 6 1/2 pounds of drippings, 25 pounds of barley, 100 onions, 25 pounds of flour (seconds), 1 1/2 pounds of brown sugar, 9 pounds of salt. –Quaker Soup: 100 gallons of water, 75 pounds of beef, 35 pounds of dried peas, 21 pounds of barley, 21 pounds of oatmeal, 1 1/2 pounds of pepper, 14 pounds of salt.

     

    Helen Hatton. The largest amount of good. Quaker relief in Ireland

     

    Families served with Eviction Notices: 1846: 19,704. 1847: 51,232. 1848: 69,899. Total: 140,835 families. Evictions: 1849-1854: 47,511. Eviction notice and evictions [1846-1854]: 188,346 families, approximately 974,930 persons.

     

    Tim P. O’Neill, “Famine Evictions,” 2000

     

    Numbers of those poor creatures who were thus cruelly exterminated are now living in huts erected by them on the roadside, the victims of famine and fever. Hundreds of them have perished in these Parishes during these last two years. The monstrous conduct of the landlords here and in every other locality throughout the Country has considerably added to the extreme mass of human suffering.

     

    Rev. Dr. Patrick Fogerty, Waterford Chronicle. 1848

     

    He threw my three children out on the street; one of them was sick at the time; her name was Anne; she died last week; she was near four years old; Coleman, my son, died Friday last, aged ten years, from cold and hardship. My house was completely destroyed… my wife and remaining child are now lying sick in a hovel I made against the ruins of the house; when my child Coleman died, there was over six inches of water about him.

     

    John Costello, Inverin, Co. Galway. New Year’s Eve, 1847.

     

    Forty years later the French writer Louis Paul-Dubois warned that “emigration will soon cause it to be said that Ireland is no longer where flows the Shannon, but rather besides the banks of the Hudson River and in that ‘Greater Ireland’ whose home is in the American Republic.”

     

    Cormac Ó Gráda, Irish Emigration to the United States in the Nineteen Century. 1980

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 9

     

    I was then but four and a half year’s old; yet, I have a distinct remembrance of that morning’s scene: the remnant of our household furniture flung about the road; the roof of the house falling in and the thatch taking fire; my mother and father looking on with four young children…

     

    Michael Davitt, 1850. T.W. Moody, Davitt and Irish Revolution 1846-82. 1982

     

    The Almighty, indeed, sent the potato blight, but the English created the famine.

     

    John Mitchel, The Last Conquest of Ireland (Perhaps). 1861

     

    …nothing but the walls of the houses remaining, the inhabitants being scattered through the country seeking shelter where they could best find it.

     

    Poor Law Inspector Richard Hamilton. Mullaghroe, Co. Mayo, 1 January 1848

     

    I tried to count the roofless houses, and after proceeding as far as seventy, gave it up in despair… [the people had been]… scattered up and down the country, like sheep upon the mountain.

     

    James Hack Tuke. Mullaghroe, Co. Mayo, 1847. A Visit to Connaught in the Autumn of 1847. 1848

     

    I counted as many as 300 emaciated people in various stages of fever, starvation and nakedness… Many, too weak to stand, were lying on the cold ground; others squatting in the bare turf to hide their naked limbs.

     

    James Hack Tuke. Mullaghroe, Co. Mayo, 1847. A Visit to Connaught in the Autumn of 1847. 1848

     

    The first recorded famine in Ireland: Anno Mundi 4019. Bearngall Mac-Geyd… was king twelve years. In his time there were continual wars, which brought great scarcity of victuals throughout the whole kingdom.

     

    William Wilde, The census of Ireland for the year 1851. 1856

     

    Irish Emigration to North America, 1845-1851: 1845: 74,969. 1846: 105,955. 1847: 215,444. 1848: 178,159. 1849: 214,425. 1850: 209,054. 1851: 249,721.

     

    Census of Ireland, 1851

     

    The sick were placed in a long sack with a name label attached, put in a cart and conveyed to an auxiliary workhouse at “The Big Stone” in Ardnaree. The rumble of the cart struck terror into the unfortunate people who asked “Whose turn next?”

     

    Padraic Flannelly, N.T., Addymass

     

    The Irish Famine, a litany of death, sufering and emigration, left an indelible mark on our psychological landscape. It resonates profoundly in Ireland and throughout the global Irish family. Famine has long ceased to haunt Irish homes. But for millions of our fellow human beings, its deadly march continues. In commemorating victims of the Irish Famine, we must renew our pledge to feed the hungry and to end the scourge of famine and poverty worldwide. “Ar scáth a chéile a mhaireann na daoine.” [We all live in each other’s shadow]

     

    Mary McAleese President of Ireland

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 10

     

    We have to think back, reflect, understand, learn how the great starvation of 1845-1852 could have happened, not simply to be in the position to understand history, but to prevent it from happening again.

     

    Governor George E. Pataki, groundbreaking ceremony for the Irish Hunger Memorial

     

    1948. Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Article 25:(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. (2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance, All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same protection

     

    Inequitable land tenure poses one of the most serious obstacles to rural development.

     

    Nicole Ball, World Hunger, A Guide to the Economic and Political Dimensions. 1981

     

    To anyone familiar with the history of Britain’s economic domination of Ireland, it will come as no surprise that the factors cited by Cecil Woodham-Smith [The Great Hunger] as causing famine: monoculture, absentee landlords demanding high rent, lack of investing in agriculture, subdivision-are the same as those identified by authors of the most recent studies as causing hunger in the dependent regions of the world today.

     

    Nicole Ball, World Hunger, A Guide to the Economic and Political Dimensions. 1981

     

    Debt, not weather, is the real killer of Sahelian peasants.

     

    John Sutter. Dakar, Senegal. Rural Poverty Program, Ford Foundation.1986

     

    A hungry people are a people without peace.

     

    Traditional Proverb

     

    1996: More than 25% of the world population lives in poverty. 1.3 billion live on less than $1 per day. 160 million children are moderately or severely malnourished.

     

    United Nations Development Program Report. 1997

     

    Panhandler, United States: Poverty means never having quite enough to eat.

     

    United Nations Development Program Report. 1997

     

    More than 500 million of the world’s poorest people live on marginal lands.

     

    United Nations Development Program Report. 1997

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 11

     

    Think about what the human race has accomplished. Space exploration. Satellite communication. Heart transplants. Cracking the human genetic code. We’ve done what previous generations never dreamed of. But do you ever wonder, if we’re so advanced, why 820 million people still don’t have enough to eat? It’s absurd.

     

    Miriam Makeba. South Africa. FAO Ambassador. 2001

     

    Customers don’t buy my yams, not because people are no longer hungry or because they don’t eat yams anymore, but because they don’t have the money.

     

    Mary Esi Asiedu, Babatokuma, Ghana. Ernest Y. Kunfaa, et. al. “Empty Pockets,” Deepa Narayan and Patti Petesch, Voices of the Poor From Many Lands. 2002

     

    Migration, we have seen, is the oldest action against poverty. It selects those who most want help. It is good for the country to which they go; it helps to break the equilibrium of poverty in the country from which they come…The Irish who departed at the time of the famine, and thereafter, made good their own escape from poverty and made possible the escape of those who remained behind.

     

    John Kenneth Galbraith, The Nature of Mass Poverty, 1979

     

    We have come to the clear realization of the fact that true individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. Necessitious men are not free men. People who are hungry and out of jobs are the stuff of which dictatorships are made.

     

    President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, “State of the Union Address,” 1944

     

    In 1995 India exported $625 million in wheat flour, $1.3 billion in rice while 200 million Indians go hungry.

     

    Food and Agricultural Organization. Mapping Undernutrition, An Ongoing Process, 1996

     

    While to most people scarcity means suffering, to others it means profit.

     

    Betsy Hartman and James Boye, A Quiet Violence, View from a Bangladesh Village, 1983

     

    There is enough in the world for everyone’s need but not enough for everyone’s greed.

     

    Attributed to Ghandi

     

    The profound comment of our era is that for the first time we have the technical capacity to free mankind from the scourge of hunger. Therefore, today we must proclaim a bold objective: that within a decade no child will go to bed hungry, that no family will fear for its next day’s bread and that no human being’s future and capacity will be stunted by malnutrition.

     

    Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, Speech to the World Food Conference, 1974

     

    …grief and silence are luxuries which we in the West cannot indulge if men and women and children in Somalia are to survive. They need our action, not our tears: our practical, downright, problem-solving help, and not our wordless horror.

     

    Mary Robinson, President of the Republic of Ireland, 1992

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 12

     

    Afghanistan, 2001: We did not want to leave our homes, but we had no food. We used to have animals-goats, sheep and donkeys-but we sold them a long time ago. We ate our wheat seed because we had nothing else. What could we do? We had only dried mulberries left to eat. And not enough of those.

     

    Refugee and Relief Alert, Newsletter of Refugees International 2001

     

    The twentieth century was the most violent in human history, with nearly 150 million people killed by war. But in just the last half of that century nearly three times as many died of malnutrition or related causes.

     

    George McGovern, United States Ambassador to the United Nations,“ The Real Cost of Hunger,” United Nations Chronicle, 2001

     

    Well-fed people have many problems; hungry people have only one.

     

    Chinese proverb (Bage)

     

    Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired

     

    signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and

     

    are not fed, those who are cold and not clothed. The world in arms

     

    is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its

     

    laborers,the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children.

     

    President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Speech to the American Society of Newspaper Editors, April 1953

     

    Hunger does not breed reform; it breeds madness and all the angry

     

    distempers that make an ordered life impossible.

     

    President Woodrow Wilson, Speech to Congress, 1918

     

    What greater human right is there than the right to eat?

     

    Senator Robert Dole. 1990. USDA Inducts Four members into a newly established Hall of Heroes, 2002

     

    We know that a peaceful world cannot long exist one-third rich and two-thirds hungry.

     

    President Jimmy Carter,”Human Rights and Foreign Policy,” 1977

     

    Our vision of helping the poor must not dim. In fact, it must become stronger and more ambitious. It must not accept the anaesthetic of relief and mitigation alone. It must recognize the right and ability of the poor themselves to eradicate poverty.

     

    CONCERN “The Changing Face of Poverty”

     

    It is by no means clear that there has ever occurred a famine in which all groups in a country have suffered from starvation, since different groups typically do have very different commanding powers over food.

     

    Amartya Sen, Poverty and Famine: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation.

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 13

     

    Up to now, individual nations… have dealt with the specter of mass starvation as an unexpected crisis – as something to react to when it occurs rather than was a likelihood to be planned for in advance.

     

    Jean Mayer. Michael Glantz, ed. Drought and Hunger in Africa. Denying Famine a Future. 1987

     

    Principles of famine relief drawn from the Indian experience: 1. Intervene early: keep people at home with their productive assets. 2. Early intervention requires local knowledge. 3. Relief should be in the form of employment that generates

     

    money incomes. Employment should be created in ways and on projects that facilitate the development of the affected region. 4. Working capital for agriculture and pastoral populations must be rebuilt at the end of a drought. 5. The government of the affected region must be in charge with all other actors’ efforts supporting and supplementing governmental efforts. 6. Development of an effective famine policy takes time.

     

    Michelle B. McAlpin, “Famine Relief Policy in India: Six Lessons for Africa,” Michael Glantz, ed. Drought and Hunger in Africa. 1987

     

    The problem of chronic undernutrition is the problem of poverty.

     

    Kiri S. Parikh,”Chronic Hunger in the World: Impact of International Policies,” Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen, eds. The Political Economy of Hunger, I. 1990

     

    Refugee reports which record among their dietary items chaff, grass, leaves, tree bark, roots and many wild plants. Widespread reports of starving beggars and occasional incidents of cannibalism in the literature.

     

    A.J. Jowett, China: The Demographic Disaster of 1958-1961

     

    …someday someone will also count up those many carloads of food supplies rolling on and on for many, many months to Imperial Germany under the terms of the peace treaty of Brest-Litovsk

     

    Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn, The Gulag Archipelago 1918 -1956. 1973

     

    Meanwhile, in the Volga region, they were eating grass, the soles of shoes and gnawing at door jambs.

     

    Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn, The Gulag Archipelago 1918-1956. 1973

     

    Famine usually occurs in the rural areas where the food is produced. Peasants cannot afford to eat the crops of their own fields and cannot keep keep back the necessary reserves before selling what they can do without.

     

    Abebe Zegeye and Siegfried Pausewang, Ethiopia in Change. Peasantry, Nationalism and Democracy. 1994.

     

    Famine is not a mere deficiency of food, but often an absolute lack of food. For people under famine, the question of quality of food simply does not arise.

     

    Trócaire

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 14

     

    Sudan May, 1989… Here a few months ago I saw starving people crawl the last yards and collapse in the camp… The vultures hovered overhead. There were reports of scavengers, wild dogs eating the spare flesh of the victims of starvation and dispossession… In this camp, South Dorofan, is a reflection through the years of the crowded workhouses of Ireland’s 1840s or the crowded holds of the coffin ships, or the delousing reception centers across the Atlantic. Irony of ironies, much of the relief food arriving in Muglad comes from the same source as the replacement food that fed the starving Irish robbed of their corn as payment to absentee landlords. It is American grain! It has earned the nickname “Regan” in Africa’s recent famines.

     

    Aengus Finucane C.S. Sp. of CONCERN. Muglad Refuge Camp, Sudan, May 1989

     

    Drought is not like most other disaster: it can be seen coming, slowly, from a long way off. Drought, more than any other disaster, chooses its victims… the wealthy are never killed by drought.

     

    Timberlake 1985. Shaw Michael Glantz, ed. Drought and Hunger in Africa. 1987

     

    We were given no food. We lived on snow; it took the place of bread. The days were like nights, and the nights left the dregs of their darkness in our souls.

     

    Eli Wiesel, Night

     

    To keep you is no benefit; to destroy you is no loss.

     

    Khmer Rouge slogan. Cambodia 1975

     

    Overweight and obesity are increasing in both men and women and among all population groups. In 1999, an estimated 61 percent of U.S. adults were overweight or obese, and 13 percent of children and adolescents were overweight.

     

    Approximately 300,000 deaths a year in this country are currently associated with overweight and obesity.

     

    The Surgeon General. “2001 Report on Overweight and Obesity” 2001

     

    Every day 25% of our food supply is wasted.

     

    President Clinton, Remarks to D.C. Kitchen Trainees and Volunteers, 1998

     

    Almost 100 billion pounds of safe, edible food-meat and poultry, fruit and vegetables, milk and eggs-are thrown away every year by retailers, restaurants and farmers while twenty-five million Americans are hungry, including 12 million children.

     

    USDA 1997

     

    Paz con hambre no dura.

     

    Painted on a wall. Bogota, Columbia

     

    [On African-American music] Nowhere outside of dear old Ireland, in the days of want and famine, have I heard sounds so mournful.

     

    Frederick Douglass, The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass. 1882

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 15

     

    Piscatello Design Centre Irish Hunger Memorial Text 16

     

    The Slack family of Corrimbla townland, Attymass, Co. Mayo, donated their two-room stone cottage from Carradoogan to the Irish Hunger Memorial. Dating from the 1830s, the cottage was occupied by six generations of Slacks until the 1960s.

     

    Irish Hunger Memorial. July 16 2002

  6. 16 roads - Celtic über alles... on

    Freedom of speech – Just watch what you say…

     

     

    Kojo was correct.

     

     

    HH.

  7. Auldheid on 7th September 2015 3:38 pm

     

     

    I will do. I’m defensive of the ASA, as I used to work there but the closing part of that section reminded me of so many conspiracy theory websites that it put me off the rest of the article.

     

     

    Most people don’t really understand the ASA process and as I said at the time of the decision they’re rulings are never hard and fast. It’s just as likely a future advert that appeared very similar to the ‘ok’ one would fall foul of the Codes of Practice as not.

  8. Latchford/ Neganon

     

     

    hi there.Thanks ghuys for your outlining your critique of Peter Lawell on the blog,

     

     

    may i ask in your opinion if there are any positives of his Tenure?

     

     

    HH

     

     

     

     

     

     

    HH

  9. it is an established law of our nature to hate those we oppress

     

     

    WHOSE NATURE?

     

     

    Who is whom to speak in the name of others? Whom so arrogant would dare utter such bigotries?

     

     

    AN GORTA MOR gave us life and so many gave up their last breath on their walk to freedom so as we could breathe but just one breath of freedom.

     

     

    Stinks when you think about how history repeating itself demands judgements from one comfortable demographic upon a demographic or human tragedy less comfortable than the dinner table might accommodate.

     

     

    Enjoy your wine.

  10. Paul67

     

    I don’t recall Milne’s miss in Rome. I thought it was Billy Kirkwood that missed a glorious chance to score. I remember watching the game in level 8 with a very young Winning Captains who was the only bugger happy with result. You bet he had his money on Roma to win but was upset that it wasn’t 4-0. He had bet Roma to win by that score.

  11. Moonbeams

     

     

    … and under the sea, there are a collection of vinegar-faced, bitter clams and whelks muttering to one another:

     

     

    “Enough’s enough. I’m not starfishist, but there’s too many of them here already.”

  12. One thing that has been low key is the signing of Jozo Simunovic. Surprised there hasn’t been a tsunami of words about him. Don’t read the newspapers right enough so maybe there has bee exclusives with his girlfriend etc.

  13. “… and under the sea, there are a collection of vinegar-faced, bitter clams and whelks muttering to one another”

     

     

     

    Greenbingly,

     

     

    They’ll have to like it or limpet.

     

     

    HH

  14. Geordie Munro on 7th September 2015 4:13 pm

     

     

    To be fair nobody like somebody musseling in on their patch of seafloor.

  15. There is real fear among people that the influx of refugees in the numbers they are coming will speed up the islamification of Europe.

     

    ISIS have already claimed they will flood Europe with their soldiers under the guise of refugees.

     

    I know pensioners who don’t like change and for them change is coming too fast.

     

     

    I’m mindful that we are actually planting a time bomb which will destabilise Europe in the not too distant future, I have no doubt it is all part of a plan to make people richer.

     

     

    The biggest contributors to the destabilisation of the Middle East are absorbing the least mount of refugees.

     

     

    The next country the British govt are told to destabilise, I hope the parliamentary debate covers how to fund the implementation of stability as that is and always will be the most expensive but most important consideration they should be making.

  16. WEEMINGER on 7TH SEPTEMBER 2015 4:14 PM

     

    Geordie Munro on 7th September 2015 4:13 pm

     

     

     

    To be fair nobody like somebody musseling in on their patch of seafloor

     

    >>>

     

     

    No, it makes the fish crabbit

  17. Hostile Monkey was a good read.

     

     

    Added to the lexicon …………….

     

     

    Bernie Lomax FC

  18. CANAMALAR on 7TH SEPTEMBER 2015 4:24 PM

     

    There is real fear among people that the influx of refugees in the numbers they are coming will speed up the islamification of Europe.

     

     

     

     

    ISIS have already claimed they will flood Europe with their soldiers under the guise of refugee,s.

     

     

    That,s the plan mate, and it,s working btw.

  19. Gaza Strip” href=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eusNCTKqGYI”>IDF Fighter Jets bombed 29 Islamic Jihad Targets in the Gaza Strip

  20. Caffe freddo in a wee bar in Sciacca. .

     

     

    Tele news showing the rescue of 134 men , women and children.Voiceover says Sierra Leone , Nigeria and Ghana .

     

     

    Skunked to the max youth in the corner shouts – ” Welcome to Sicily , the new Tower of Babel”.

     

     

    To which the grump behind the bar replied-

     

     

    ” Shut it , some of them might be good at football and God knows we could do with some “

  21. Burgas…,

     

    Aye, our challenge is to provide charity and defuse potential flash points.

     

    There are those who believe the UK will be an Islamic state within 50 years this is the kind of scaremongering being pushed by the meeja, it ensures hostility.

     

    But the point is, if people turn to Islam that is their choice and no one has the right to stop that.

     

     

    A bigger issue is that anyone who declares their fears are immediately considered a racist when quite clearly not all are racists but are being forced to align themselves with racists as there are no alternatives, an alternative needs to be offered.

  22. Canamalar:

     

     

    Mate, what is the fundamental difference between Islam and Christianity. Don’t t the Muslims believe in the virgin birth just like Catholics do? Don’t the Muslims believe in the same saints?

     

     

    Don’t they just approach the same beliefs, the same God, from a different perspective?

  23. Kit..,

     

    The fundamental difference is that Islam returned to the judean philosophy of an eye for an eye, and declared the Christ was mad and brought the wrong message.

  24. I watch the problems that are still here in Bulgarski between the Muslim and Christians, and that was’nt yesterday BTW.

     

     

    No idea what the answer is :-)

  25. Canamalar:

     

     

    An eye for an eye?

     

     

    I thought they believed in Christ, just that he was not God… they don’t believe in the Trinity. That is their prerogative. Should we bomb the feck out of them just because we are on paper more ‘munitions making advanced’ than them? Whose, which, God would sanction that? What human demographic would sanction that?

  26. In the 1930s, G K Chesterton said ” The Christian must admire all creeds but his own”. Islam was founded in blood. It is being spread by blood-letting. How many Christians have lost their lives in the Middle East and Africa? Where is the compassion from Islam for that? Chesterton also said “It is not that Christianity has been tried and found wanting. It hasn’t been tried at all.”

  27. If our God was stronger than their God, we’d have won the league by now.

     

     

    Maybe it is just the same God only the same God being seen through the eyes of… let’s say ‘happy clappers’ as opposed ‘mineshafters’.

     

     

    There can’t be two heavens, there can’t be two Gods. They have nuked each other by now if there was but one.

  28. 16 roads - Celtic über alles... on

    Political correctness is a mental illness.

     

     

    You could scan these pages from now until eternity, and you will never read a word of condemnation or outrage in relation to the ongoing ethnic cleansing of Christians in the middle east.

     

     

    That is genocide my learned friends.

     

     

    Pretend it isn’t happening right now.

     

     

    The truth, inconvenient or uncomfortable though it may be to most.

     

     

    A lot of people simply don’t want to know,because it doesn’t suit the agenda of political correctness.

     

     

    AstoundingHypocrisyCSC.

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